Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone mass deteriorates faster than the body can create new bone mass, causing the bones to become weak and fragile. Because of this, fractures are a common result of osteoporosis. This condition is most common among the older population; postmenopausal women in particular are highest at risk to develop the condition 

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Hormone levels are an indication of susceptibility of Osteoporosis. When Estrogen levels have lowered, women’s bones grow weaker. Additionally, an overproduction of thyroid hormones can also promote bone mass loss.

A diet that is deficient in calcium will increase the likelihood of losing bone mass since calcium is essential to maintaining healthy bones. Another risk factor is a history of eating disorders. Generally, eating disorders result in decreased bone mass due to a decrease in body weight. Next, frequent consumption of alcohol is associated with osteoporosis. Smoking tobacco is another risk factor of the condition.

Maintaining a healthy diet, one with adequate amounts of protein, is a great way to keep bones strong. Some sources of healthy protein include soy, nuts, or legumes. A diet high in calcium is also best to prevent osteoporosis; calcium can be obtained from dark, leafy greens as well as fortified foods like cereals. Lastly, exercise can strengthen bones; it is important to create a routine with exercises you feel comfortable doing long-term.  

The earliest signs are often receding gums, weakened nails, and an inability to grasp items firmly. Some symptoms that develop later are decreased height, a curved back posture, and vertebrae pain.